University Testing: NCAA

Proposition 16 governs the NCAA's initial eligibility requirements for student-athletes at more than 300 Division I colleges and universities. Implemented in 1995, Prop. 16 is a more restrictive successor to Proposition 48, which went into effect in 1986. High school graduates who do not meet Prop. 16's requirements are precluded from participating in intercollegiate competition and may be denied athletic scholarships. To qualify for full eligibility, student-athletes must have a 2.0 grade-point average (GPA) in 13 approved academic "core" courses and an SAT of 1010 or a combined ACT of 86. Students with lower test scores need higher core course GPAs.

These test-score requirements violate the test-maker's own guidelines, which caution against using score "cut-offs" for high-stakes decisions such as admissions and financial aid. Prop. 16 has a particularly damaging effect on students of color and female athletes, who tend to score lower on the exams than Whites and male students.

Learn more about the NCAA's Prop. 16 and its damaging effects on student-athletes:

Prop. 16 Fact Sheet - read FairTest's Fact Sheet on the problems associated with Prop. 16

Gender Bias in NCAA Requirements - see why the NCAA's Prop. 16 has a harmful effect on female athletes

Cureton vs. NCAA - review the complete text of the lawsuit challenging the NCAA's test score eligibility requirements

Examiner articles - learn more about challenges to the NCAA's policies by reading FairTest Examiner articles